Sunday, June 28, 2020

The Sleep Needs of Children and Teenagers

An article in The New York Times on Monday, May 23, 2011 by Jane Brody, answers the question "How much sleep does my child really need?" and helps parents figure out whether their children are actually getting the required amount of sleep each night. In the article, Ms. Brody also discusses why it is that so many teens are constantly tired, groggy, have difficulty concentrating, and are generally not getting enough rest. While some of the problems rest with the schedule that schools are on, which in many ways conflicts with teens' sleep cycles, there are also some things parents can do to help their teens get more sleep. Some of them are listed here: Parents should identify and set â€Å"an appropriate bedtime.† To help establish an acceptable sleep-wake cycle, teenagers should avoid bright light and stimulating activities in the evening and get light exposure in the morning. Families should establish relaxing pre-sleep rituals, reminiscent of the bedtime stories of early childhood. To read the complete New York Times article, click here.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Effects of Antibiotics on Bacterial Growth - 1355 Words

The Effects of Antibiotics on Bacterial Growth Biology II 1996 Bacteria are the most common and ancient microorganisms on earth. Most bacteria are microscopic, measuring 1 micron in length. However, colonies of bacteria grown in a laboratory petri dish can be seen with the unaided eye. There are many divisions and classifications of bacteria that assist in identifying them. The first two types of bacteria are archaebacteria and eubacteria. Both groups have common ancestors dating to more than 3 billion years ago. Archaebacteria live in environments where, because of the high temperature, no other life can grow. These environments include hot springs and areas of volcanic activity. They contain lipids but lack certain chemicals†¦show more content†¦This antibiotic acts by limiting normal protein synthesis. Streptomycin is effective against E. Coli, gram-negative bacilli, as well as many cocci. Neomycin an antibiotic derived from a strain of Streptomyces fradiae. Neomycin effectively destroys a wide range of bacteria. Kanamycin an antibiotic substance derived from Streptomyces kanamycetius. Its antibacterial action is very similar to that of neomycin. Kanamycin works against many aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, especially E. coli. Protracted use may result in auditory as well as other damages. Erythromycin is an antibiotic produced by a strain of Streptomyces erythreaus. This antibiotic works by inhibiting protein synthesis but not nucleic synthesis. Erythromycin has inhibitory effects on gram-negative cocci as well as some gram-positive bacteria. Chloramphenicol is a clinically useful antibiotic in combating serious infections caused by certain bacteria in place of potentially hazardous means of solving the problem. In lab tests, it has been shown that this medicine stopped bacterial reproduction in a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. The inhibition of cell reproduction caused by Chloramphenicol takes place through interference with protein synthesis. An experiment was conducted in order to determine which antibiotics are most effective in inhibiting bacterial growth. First, the different bacteria were placed on agarShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Antibiotics Bacterial Growth?901 Words   |  4 Pages Randhawa 1 Zorawar Randhawa Mrs. Eideh Honors Biology 8 June 2015 Effects of Antibiotics Bacterial Growth Bacteria are the most common and ancient microorganisms on earth. Most bacteria are microscopic, measuring 1 micron in length. However, colonies of bacteria grown in a laboratory petri dish can be seen with the unaided eye. When considering the pH level, bacteria are classified as either acidophiles (acid-loving), neutrophiles (neutral ph range), or alkaliphilesRead MoreAntibacterial Antibiotics And Its Effects On The Growth And Production Of Bacterial Infections1368 Words   |  6 PagesAntibacterial antibiotics are a substance present in fungi, which inhibits the growth and production of bacterial infections. The discovery of the first antibiotic, penicillin, was a turning point in medical history, as illnesses that were once perceived as difficult to treat or even fatal, now had a possible treatment. After the discovery of penicillin, the misuse and overuse of antibiotics become common in many different professions. This has resulted in bacteria becoming less easily detec ted dueRead MoreStaphylococcus Aureus ( Mrsa )905 Words   |  4 Pagesaureus (MRSA) is a bacterial ‘staph’ infection that is resistant to the use of certain antibiotics. ß-lactams, penicillin-like antibiotics that has become a resistant, has become a characteristic of MRSA since its discovery in England in the 1960s and later in the USA around 1968. Due to overexposure to the antibiotics, strains of MRSA have become resistant through the evolution of the bacterial cells. This, eventually, led to insensitivity to the antibiotic’s agent fighting effects. The ability ofRead MoreLab Report On The Lab759 Words   |  4 Pagesunderstand the effects of the different antibiotics (CAM, Amp, and Strep) on the bacteria growths. This lab also allowed the lab students to understand the importance of staining, bright-field microscopy, spectrophotometry, and the fluorescence microscopy. The hypothesis for this lab would be that for the mixture without the antibiotic would have an increase in the absorbance rate. The mixtures with the antibiotics (CAM, Amp, or Strep) would affect the formation of new bacterial cells that wouldRead MoreEffectiveness Of Bacitracin, Gentamicin And Chloramphenicol On The Growth Of Escherichia Coli1236 Words   |  5 PagesEffectiveness of bacitracin, gentamicin and chloramphenicol on the growth of Escherichia coli Introduction: Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacterium commonly found in the digestive system of humans and animals. Although it is mainly harmless and helps promote a healthy digestive system, some strains can be pathogenic and cause illness such as diarrhea, urinary tract infections, respiratory infections and even pneumonia. What makes E. coli pathogenic is the release of a toxin called Shiga. TheseRead MoreAntibiotics Are Antibiotics Used For?1198 Words   |  5 PagesAntibiotics What are antibiotics used for? Antibiotics are used to fight infections which are caused by bacteria. They are not effective against viruses. What are antibiotics? Antibiotics can either be bactericidal or bacteriostatic. Bactericidal antibiotics act to kill bacteria and bacteriostatic act to inhibit and slow down the growth or bacteria. By doing this the antibiotics allow the hosts defence mechanisms to kill the bacteria or fight infection. Where do antibiotics come from? Lead compoundsRead MoreInhibition Of Various Targets On Bacteria Cells Essay1084 Words   |  5 PagesInhibition of various targets in bacteria cells has long been a strategy for developing new antibiotics. Within a bacteria cell, there are nearly endless potential targets for inhibition that may interrupt cell metabolism, replication, synthesis of membrane components, etc. However, the rise of antibiotic resistance means researchers are continually searching for new targets or ways to make old targets viable again. For this reason, novel narrow-spectrum inhibitors are of great interest, especiallyRead MoreMethods And Methods Of Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing1524 Words   |  7 Pagesbriefly how antibiotic sensitivity testing is carried out in the clinical laboratory providing examples of both manual methods and automated methods (include advantages and disadvantages of methods discussed) Introduction An antibiotic is a chemical produced by a microorganism that kills or inhibits the growth of another microorganism. Therefore, the big task of microbiology laboratory is to determine how effective an antibiotic is through antimicrobial susceptibility testing of bacterial isolatesRead MoreModern Medicine And Treatment Of Antibiotics1361 Words   |  6 PagesModern medicine relies on antibiotics to save lives through antibiotic treatment of severe infections and the performance of medical and surgical procedures under the protection of antibiotics. However, we have not kept pace with the ability of many pathogens to develop resistance to common antibiotics. The most common use of antibiotics is in the agricultural industry, and within the agricultural industry the most common antibiotic is tetracycline (Sanramaria, 2011; Mathews, 2013). TetracyclineRead MoreThe Overuse Of Antibiotics And Antibiotics1466 Words   |  6 PagesThe overuse of antibiotics has been a problem for well over a decade. This misuse leads to many nonvisible problems arising within the human population. As the use of antibiotics increases, the number of antibiotic resistant bacteria also increases. When bacteria become resistant to an antibiotic, another antibiotic must be used to try and kill it and the cycle becomes vicious. Michael Martin, Sapna Thottathil, and Thomas Newman stated that antimicrobial resistance is, â€Å"an increasingly serious threat

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Case Morse Vs. Frederick - 1269 Words

In the case Morse Vs. Frederick, a supreme court case that questioned the first amendment, the main argument set out by Frederick was that the school’s principal, Morse, was that Morse violated Fredericks first amendment right. Juneau-Douglas High School was in session during the Olympic Torch Relay for the 2002 winter Olympics. The school decided that it would let its students and faculty out for a short period to watch as the torchbearers passed the school. This was considered a school event and was treated as a field trip. Joseph Frederick was a senior at JDHS. He was a bit late coming to school that day. When Frederick arrived to school during the event, he met up with some of his friends. They soon pulled out fourteen-foot banner that had the phrase: â€Å"BONG HiTS 4 JESUS†. The school’s principal, Deborah Morse, almost immediately told the students to take down the banner. All but one student complied with Morse. That student was Joseph Frederick. She to ld the boys to take the sign down because she believed that the sign was encouraging the use of illegal drugs in school. She told Frederick to report to her office where she later punished him by suspending him for ten days. Frederick believed that his constitutional rights were being denied and that the first amendment was violated in the process. Frederick sued Morse claiming that the school violated his first amendment. Morse explained that she was not violating the first amendment because the school has a schoolShow MoreRelated The Bill of Rights Essay1356 Words   |  6 Pages(Coates, 1995-99). Go to the â€Å"First Amendment Center† web site and pick a related court case for one or two of the First Amendment rights. Name the case and number and interpret the case’s impact on society. Morse vs. Frederick â€Å"bong hits 4 Jesus†. Docket No. 06-278 Petitioner : Deborah Morse The most fundamental interpretation of this case is that the student Frederick sued his school Principal Ms. Morse, for suspending him for ten day when at a school function he displayed a banner with theRead MoreThe United States Constitution2849 Words   |  12 Pagesreasons why the First Amendment: freedom of speech and freedom of religion, and the Fourth Amendment: search and seizure are so essential to many Americans. Could some parts of a student s first amendment be restricted at school? There have been many cases on this topic, and the courts have struggled to decide what factors of freedom of speech are protected at schools. Freedom of speech allows citizens to say what they want to, when they want to. It also allows citizens to express themselves howeverRead MoreTinker Vs. Des Moines Essay1516 Words   |  7 PagesWar History).† A case that is known in history forever â€Å"Tinker v. Des Moines† case was a very good example of anti-war protest and was proven to be an example of freedom of speech. Tinker v. Des Moines case involves two main students. Others students were also involved. The two main student’s names were â€Å"John and Mary Beth Tinker (Landmark Cases).† They were from Des Moines, Iowa and this case took place between the years 1965-1969 (Landmark Cases).† The problem with this case was there form ofRead MoreShould Students Who Engage in Cyberbullying, Even Off Campus Face Sanctions at School?991 Words   |  4 Pageswith this issue is that while it may begin off campus it can easily cause problems at school. When it does, principals can act based on the disruption that occurs to the school’s program. But, based on the decision of the US Supreme Court in Tinker vs. Des Moines (1969) you can only act when student speech causes a substantial disruption to school activities. Administrators may not restrict speech just because they disagree with the student or find what they are saying it offensive. If the speechRead MoreAed 201 We ek 6781 Words   |  4 PagesAxia College Material Appendix C Rights and Responsibilities of Educators and Students Perform a search in the University Library databases and locate four school-related court cases (with outcomes decided), two which involve educators as defendants and two which involve students as defendants. Fill in the table below. When you give your informed opinion, state and discuss whether you agree or disagree with the outcome. Base your opinion on legal and ethical standards as discussed in Ch. 9Read MoreCyberbullying : Cyberbullying And Cyberbullying3166 Words   |  13 Pagesculture or in decisions for disciplinary action surrounding events of cyberbullying. This paper will provide a definition for cyberbullying, provide an overview of the differences between traditional bullying and cyberbullying, provide a background in case law that makes disciplining cyberbullies difficult, and review key pieces of Rapides Parish Student Handbook in accordance with state guidelines and district policy for cyberbullying. Definitions used in policy development for cyberbullying shouldRead MoreA Description of Bleeding Kansas3703 Words   |  15 Pagesit worked to eliminate social and economic arrangements that entrenched privilege and stifled equal opportunity. United States abolitionist who escaped from slavery and became an influential writer and lecturer in the North (1817-1895) Frederick Douglass one of the most prominent african american figures in the abolitionist movement. escaped from slavery in maryland. he was a great thinker and speaker. published his own antislavery newspaper called the north star and wrote an autobiographyRead MoreStudy Guide5838 Words   |  24 Pagesyear?1791 How many terms did George Washington serve as president before leaving office? George Washington served two terms. Marbury v. Madison  confirmed the Supreme Courts power to declare laws passed by Congress unconstitutional. What did the case involve? Marbury v. Madison  concerned a dispute over William Marburys appointment to a government post. Debates at the Constitutional Convention surrounding the executive branch included which of the following? Debates surrounding the executiveRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 PagesRecession 21 Off Shoring 21 Mergers 22 A Look at Ethics 22 Summary 23 Demonstrating Comprehension: Questions for Review 24 Key Terms 24 HRM Workshop 25 Linking Concepts to Practice: Discussion Questions 25 Developing Diagnostic and Analytical Skills 25 Case 1: Work/Life Balance at Baxter 25 Working with a Team: Understanding Diversity Issues 25 Learning an HRM Skill: Guidelines for Acting Ethically 26 Enhancing Your Communication Skills 26 ETHICAL ISSUES IN HRM: Invasion of Privacy? 9 WORKPLACE ISSUES:Read MoreLibrary Management204752 Words   |  820 Pages This book was not written in a vacuum, nor is it intended for use in one. In-basket exercises, case studies, action mazes, and other simulation techniques can complement, supplement, and magnify the principles discussed. Case studies can be helpful. Anderson’s1 volume, although somewhat dated, was specifically developed as a companion piece for earlier editions of this text. The most applicable cases from Anderson are available on the Web site for this volume. In addition, each chapter is introduced

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Repression and Hypocrisy in the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll...

Penny Fielding highlights his point of view on Robert Louis Stevenson’s Strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde that the novel paints ‘a damning portrait of society defined by repression and its inevitable twin, hypocrisy’. Fielding also insists later that the relation between repression and hypocrisy is one theme of this novel that cannot be overlooked. This opinion can be approved of a truth after reading the novel. Repression and hypocrisy run through the whole story which reflect on descriptions of every character. In this essay, I will focus on the repression and hypocrisy that appear to be connected in the novel by analyzing the background and main characters. Especially, I will quote some fragments from the novel to discuss in†¦show more content†¦Throughout the whole course of the novel, readers can identify an unbreakable connection between Hyde and animalistic images as he was shown to be big, awkward and childlike. This kind of figure is re garded by Stevenson as parts of human nature. It also expressed Stevenson’s repression towards hypocritical society during Victorian times. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was wrote in 18th centuries, the times that were defined as ‘Gothic revival’. The literature in this times had similar thematic elements include supernatural or ‘fantastic’, violent crime (death and murder), passionate romance (often with death). The novel Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was considered as typical Gothic literature. Particularly, repression and hypocrisy are highly emphasized in the novel. Repression is undoubtedly a cause of conflict between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. The root of this repression can be found in Victorian England where there was no sexual appetites, no violence and no freedom of expressing emotion in the public sphere. Everything should be restrained and people in that times all behaved solemn and were not allowed to show their joys and sorrows. This repression can be well reflected within Dr. Jekyll in the novel. According to quotation of Stevenson’s description: â€Å"[†¦] IShow MoreRelatedEssay Double Lives in Victorian Literature1407 Words   |  6 Pagescould be cast aside by these â€Å"dark doubles† and the â€Å"immoral† desires of the human heart could be explored in the safety of ones sitting room. In Oscar Wildes play, â€Å"The Importance of Being Ernest,† we see a satirical prodding of the hypocrisy associated within the strict moral code of English â€Å"genteel† society. The plays protagonist, Jack, creates his own â€Å"dark double†, his supposed carefree, immoral, and decadent brother, Ernest. It is through his own creation of Ernest thatRead MoreThe Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Hyde1436 Words   |  6 PagesStevenson takes this idea of doubles to a whole new level in his novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Hyde. Upon closer examination of Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Hyde and his reoccurring theme of duality, we see that however constrained a society is, a person must break free, be multifarious, exploratory, and irresolute. A person must be able to see the â€Å"damage behind apparent failure† and the hypocrisy â€Å"behind worldly success.† The first instance of multiplicity immediatelyRead MoreThe View of Human Nature Presented in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde3064 Words   |  13 Pagespresent in the novel The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde? The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Question: What view of human nature does Stevenson present in the novel â€Å"The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde†? Throughout Stevenson’s life he experienced things by looking at them in two different perspectives. He later went on to exhibit his experiences by writing a novel about split personality called â€Å"The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde†. This essay will commentRead MoreHow Does the Use of Setting and Imagery Affect the Readers Understanding of Dr. Jekll and Mr Hide?1190 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Robert Louis Stephensons masterpiece, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1886) symbolizes Hyde as a representative of the specific Victorian anxieties. He is seen as the ugly, deformed, apelike, but also reflecting Victorian fears about Darwinian evolution theories of humanitys deform from ape, and fears the newly enfranchised working classes. This essay will explore the function of the narrative which helps the readers to perceive the meaning of the narrative. It will do so in termsRead MoreThe Strange Case Of Dr. Jekyll And Mr. Hyde2183 Words   |  9 PagesThe Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is a novel written by Robert Louis Stevenson in 1886. The novel is set in Victorian England and follows a man by the name Dr. Jekyll, a respected doctor. Dr. Jekyll is a revered man in society and has every intention of remaining that way. However, one day he goes too far with one of his experiments and he creates a draught that unleashes a split personality within him. This personality goes by the name of Mr. Hyde. Dr. Jekyll does not seek a cure at firstRead MoreLack of Female Characters in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde2064 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿Even the most casual reader can note the fact that there are very few female characters present in Robert Louis Stevensons 19th century novel, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Those that are found within the work hardly constitute as substantial ones none of the women have more than a few lines of dialogue and appear within the tale for longer than a chapter or two. A bevy of critics have pointed out the fact that such an egregious omission is hardly coincidental in fact, more thanRead MoreSociety Pressure in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Essay2012 Words   |  9 Pagessociety. Robert Louis Stevenson is a prime example of someone who rebelled against the societal pressures. Dr. Jekyll in the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hydeis not able to hold himself to the strict Victorian standards, and evidently throws himself into insanity attempting to keep the standards. Stevenson manifests his opinion of Victorian Society in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde through Jekyll’s decline into insanity as a result of the pressures of society. The Victorian era is

Mentoring Mentoring And Leadership - 1021 Words

PGE #1: Mentoring and Leadership Reflecting back over the years since receiving my initial National Board Certification, I clearly see that the mentoring roles I have been a part of have been the most rewarding. Mentoring has enabled me to collaborate with others new to the profession as well as with veteran teachers in the classroom. Through this collaboration in a variety of settings, I have been able to improve the effectiveness of my teaching practices which in turn has had a positive impact on my students. A study from Teacher Collaboration in Instructional Teams and Student Achievement by the American Educational Research Journal (2015) states that the quality of teacher collaboration positively influences teacher performance†¦show more content†¦The opportunities given to me to work with beginning teachers have been rewarding. Building stronger learning communities will always be a passion of mine because it ultimately enables our students to be better served in the classroom which leads to higher student achievement. I have also served in Leadership positions since my National Board Certification that have enabled me to work closely with my peers and other colleagues. My principal nominated me to be part of an Emerging Leader cohort initiated by our superintendent because of my commitment to my profession and willingness to take on a leadership role. I had the opportunity to spend the day shadowing a principal from another elementary school and then meeting back at the district office to collaborate with other chosen â€Å"Emerging Leaders† throughout the district. We spent time discussing issues and topics currently facing education with the district leadership team. Research shows that interaction between teachers and administrators focused on student learning affects student achievement. A similar cohort I have been involved with is the Teacher Forum for Teachers of the Year in our district. Again, it is this camaraderie th at takes place when teachers sit down and share ideas and thoughts on education and how toShow MoreRelatedBackground Of Leadership And Mentoring Essay1475 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Background of Leadership and Mentoring Every society, civilization, country, nation or state recognizes the impetus that occurs as a result of leadership. Indeed, as Mills (2005) states, there are perhaps few things that can match the importance of leadership and its role in influencing human activity. Leadership touches on every aspect of human life. As Mills (2005) continues to state, if apportioned effectively, leadership has the capacity to guide nations in turbulent times; assistRead MoreLeadership and Mentoring Essay3403 Words   |  14 PagesContents 1: Introduction to Leadership and Mentoring 2: definition of leaders and Mentors 3: Exemplary models 4: Roles and Values 5: Standard Ethics 6: Case study 7: Conclusion 8: References I: Introduction Leadership and mentoring has generally been mistaken to be the same thing however during the course of this assignment I aim to prove otherwise that although leaders and mentors may share some similar traits they have different definitions and perform different functions. ThereRead MoreServant Leadership Influence on Student Mentoring1607 Words   |  7 PagesServant Leadership Influence on Student Mentoring Mentoring is a committed collaborative partnership, not a dependent relationship. According to Bernier, Larose, and Soucy (2005), the relationship and commitment created within a mentoring program is crucial for its success in assisting the mentee. Past studies have focused on student mentoring and its influence on academic performance, retention, and graduation. The thesis of this paper will examine the theory of servant leadership and itsRead MoreLeadership Skills, Mentoring, And Cultural Activities2154 Words   |  9 Pagesand younger students were present in the same classroom. Leadership skills, study skills, peer mentoring, and cultural activities was the curriculum. Transition Conferences Students in the ninth grade with the knowledge that transitioning from eighth grad to ninth grade posed a greater challenge for the first nation students. The purpose of these conferences is to prepare senior elementary school students for a successful transition to high school. Specific conference themes have stressed engagementRead MoreExpanding Leadership Diversity Through Formal Mentoring Programs1184 Words   |  5 Pages(2009). Expanding leadership diversity through formal mentoring programs. Journal of Leadership Studies, 3(1), 47-60. To attract and retain people, it is essential that organizations design and successfully implement pro- grams and processes that develop people and nurture their talents. For those who aspire to a leader- ship role, the opportunity to engage in mentoring relationships with senior-level leaders is a powerful way to accelerate growth. In the majority of informal mentoring relationshipsRead MoreAre Leadership Mentoring Programs Beneficial? Increasing Patient Care Outcomes?982 Words   |  4 Pages Literature Review: Are Leadership Mentoring Programs Beneficial in Increasing Patient Care Outcomes? Kenyata Patterson Auburn University Montgomery Literature Review: Are Leadership Mentoring Programs Beneficial in Increasing Patient Care Outcomes? Aim The aim of the literature review was to determine if the initiation of leadership mentoring programs would improve the competence and integration of new nurse leaders to increase patient health outcomes in clinicalRead MoreThe Classical Understanding Of Learning1068 Words   |  5 Pagesapprenticeship. Thus, learning took place through developmental relationships. Therefore, mentoring pursues to recapture the power of imparting knowledge to another person through an intimate relationship that benefits the mentor, mentee, and the organization. Mentoring The primary basis of mentoring is centered around the relationship between the mentor and mentoree. Paul Stanley and Robert Clinton (1992) argue, â€Å"Mentoring is a relational process between mentor, who knows or has experienced something andRead MoreMentoring : A Integrated Mentoring Program1324 Words   |  6 PagesINTRODUCTION The goal of mentoring in military organizations is to help junior personnel reach their full potential by having senior personnel help develop them, and pass on their practical expertise and professional knowledge to personnel who are committed to advancement and success (United States, 1995). A thriving mentoring program will enhance our overall professionalism and help meet the future needs of our organization. In my current job, I am charged with implementing a mentoring program where officersRead MoreCareer Success And Advancement And Human Resource Development968 Words   |  4 PagesBusinesses today frequently struggle with forming mentoring programs in order to build ideal managing teams that will take their amount of success to the next level. According to an article by LuAnn Gaskill, who focused her research on the informal, spontaneous relationships that build between junior and senior level executives are a major factor involved in forming mentor programs (Gaskill, Lu Ann, 147). At the beginning of the article Gaskill stated, â€Å"These relationships are recognized for theirRead MoreCase Study : Coaching Initiatives Fail1318 Words   |  6 Pageslong term sustainable results (Mann, S., Smith, S., 2015, p.36) Mentoring is a way to make employees feel more fulfilled, engaged and productive in the work environment (Retrieved from It is important to note that there is a difference between a coach and mentor and managers and supervisors who go the extra mile to work with these individuals are the true mentors. Mentoring focuses more on the future and a broader skill for personal or

Rigidity and Flexibility of Organisational Change

Question: Discuss about theRigidity and Flexibility of Organisational Change. Answer: Introduction: Organisational changes are essential for the businesses to succeed in the ever-changing markets and societies. The changes in the organizational, business and operational model of the businesses allow it to satisfy the needs of the customers to a greater extent, which in turn allows them to gain and maintain competitive advantages over the other organizations operating in the same industry. There are a number of real-world examples of the organizations which succeeded in their corresponding industry due to their flexibility to welcome changes and of the organizations which failed in their corresponding industries due to their rigidity against the changes (Amit, 2012). Analysis In this section, we will go through a number of real-world examples to show the positive outcomes of the businesses being ready to adapt changes and the negative outcomes of the businesses not being ready to adapt to changes. Kodak and Fuji Kodak was founded in the year of 1888 and took a lot of time to gain the market shares in the photography industry, which in turn allowed the organization to have its peak price per share of over $80 in the year of 1999. Kodak focused on its conventional business model of selling the customers its cameras at a low price and generating revenue from its expensive photo development process. Towards the mid of the 90s, the photography market was growing in terms of the instant photography. Kodak didnt do well in terms of adapting to this change and was sued by Polaroid for stealing its idea for the instant developing cameras. Towards the end of the 90s, the photography industry had a trend of purchasing the cameras through various mass distributors like Walmart. Kodak couldnt adapt to this change as well, but Fuji utilized this opportunity to adapt to the ongoing trend in the market. Fuji sponsored a number of international events and sold its products through the large chains of superma rkets to gain a lot of profits. So the rigidity of Kodak led to its fall in the photography industry, whereas the flexibility of Polaroid and Fuji to the changes in the market led them to success (Harmon, 2014). Hummer Hummer was a very popular brand among the Americans due to the synonymous nature of the cars to the rugged America individualism. The brand operating under the parent organization, GM held the leading position in the American automotive industry due to the nature of the products it was manufacturing. Slowly the trend in the corresponding markets shifted to the usage of more environment-friendly vehicles which would consume less fuel and generate less pollution. Hummer didnt adapt well to this change in the market trend and the sales of the cars went down very quickly as no one in the corresponding market wanted to be seen as a bad guy by owning such as vehicle which is so dangerous for the environment (Hayes, 2014). Blackberry Blackberry held the leading position in the smartphone market for quite a long amount of time due to the design of the products along with the facilities provided in them. Slowly the trend in the smartphone market shifted to the usage of touchscreen smartphones giving more freedom and customization. Blackberry didnt adapt to such as change in the smartphone industry very well, which in turn led to the decrease in the sales of the products (Jeston, 2014). Nokia Nokia was another organization in the smartphone industry, which gained and maintained the leadership for a long time. The products of Nokia used to be known for their hardware quality and robustness. Slowly the trend in the smartphones industry shifted to the usage of the touchscreen phones with more features in the software and Android operating system. But Nokia didnt adapt to this change and continued following its original business mode, which led it to its fall (Priestley, 2012). Qantas Airlines Qantas airlines adapted to the changes in the airlines industry trend to prefer the domestic flights by adding more aircrafts to its fleet and covering more number of domestic destinations. Qantas airlines also merged with a number of domestically strong airlines to increase its cover to the domestic destinations along with strengthening its aircraft fleet. Qantas airlines also started low fare air services to serve the changing customer needs in the corresponding market, which in turn led it to the increase in the profits (Rosemann, 2015). References Amit, R., Zott, C. (2012). Creating value through business model innovation. MIT Sloan Management Review, 53(3), 41. Harmon, P. (2014). Business process change. Morgan Kaufmann. Hayes, J. (2014). The theory and practice of change management. Palgrave Macmillan. Jeston, J., Nelis, J. (2014). Business process management. Routledge. Priestley, M. (2012). Curriculum for Excellence: transformational change or business as usual?. Interaces, 8(22). Rosemann, M., vom Brocke, J. (2015). The six core elements of business process management. In Handbook on Business Process Management 1 (pp. 105-122). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.